"Active adult" is a much used term, but
it is probably little understood. To my knowledge, there is no
"official" definition. Most commonly, this term refers to those in an
"age-restricted" community. (Side note: another term that has come into
use and may be used in place of "age-restricted" is "age-qualified".
They mean the same thing. Apparently, some people think "age-qualified"
sounds better.) So, what does it mean?
How is this legal? Aren't there federal
and state laws against discrimination of all types? Yes, there are such
laws, but there are a few exceptions, and this is one of them. If you
really want details, here they are. The Fair Housing Act of 1968 made it
unlawful to discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, national
origin, gender (added in 1974), familial status (added in 1988), or
handicap (added in 1988).when selling or leasing residential property.
However, the Housing for Older Persons Act of 1995 specifically allows
discrimination based on age when the objective is to provide a place for
those age fifty-five and better provided that certain conditions are
met. At least eighty percent of the occupied units must have at least
one resident who is qualified; there must be published rules and
regulations that demonstrate the intent to be age-restricted; and there
must be a way of complying with verification requirements.